Paternity test is an important tool used to prove or disprove the biological relationship between a father and a child. While the test can be conducted for multiple reasons, it is particularly crucial in resolving child support issues and identification of rapists.
Taking a paternity test is fairly simple. However, misconceptions and social stigma attached to the procedure can induce a sense of fear in potential test takers and make them hesitant. If you’re unsure about the process, here’s everything you need to know:
1. How does a paternity test work?
To put it simply, paternity tests compare DNAs of the parent and the child. While DNA of two people can never be exactly the same, every child has a genetic make-up similar to that of their parents. So, when paternity tests are taken, experts look for matching DNA patterns. Traditionally, professional had to draw a blood sample for the test, but a more modern way of retrieving a DNA sample is through swabbing.
Buccal swabs can collect DNA from inside of the cheeks of both child and the possible father. The DNA from swabs is then evaluated and compared after which a report is generated with a combined paternity index, which indicates whether the test taking candidate is the father of the child.
2. How many types of paternity tests are there?
Paternity tests are of two types: legal and non-legal. The only difference between the two is that results from a legal test can be submitted to court to resolve legal issues. These tests must always be taken at a lab, while non-legal paternity tests can be conducted at home or in a clinic.
Other than being used to obtain entitled child benefits, legal tests can also confirm parentage in the case of surrogate births and assist in child custody and inheritance issues.
3. How much time will it take?
Paternity tests do not take much time for evaluation. Once submission of samples is complete, you should receive your results from the lab within the same week. Some clinics also offer urgent results, with an additional fee, which may be considered if there is a time constraint involved.
4. How much will it cost me?
In Canada, an at-home paternity test may cost around $200, but the price of the procedure varies from one clinic to another. Insurance companies may or may not provide coverage for the test, so it’s always better to communicate with your insurance provider prior to the procedure.
Paternity tests are typically a one-time investment, as these tests generate accurate results and repetition of the test for one candidate is almost never required.
5. How can I get one?
If you’re looking for some closure regarding the parentage of your child, or are curious to learn more about your biological parent, let us help you out! We provide affordable paternity testing services in Calgary to help you attain the closure you’re seeking, with minimum hassle.